The First False Charges 19a - 24a A. Although he probably had no idea that his proposal would be accepted, Socrates explained his reasons for making it. While it is quite possible that Aristophanes did not intend these statements to be taken seriously, they have nevertheless contributed toward the unfavorable opinion that has been formed about him.
At his age of 70, death would have soon arrived naturally. He had never been interested in the physical sciences, although he was familiar with the theories of Anaxagoras.
Prologue 17aa The first sentence sets the tone and direction for the entire dialogue. History is never a complete and exact account of what has taken place. If that had been the case, they would now be among his accusers.
Evidently, they expected him to take advantage of the opportunity to propose an alternative sentence, such as the payment of a fine or banishment from the city. He feels that conduct of that kind is discreditable both to himself and to the state.
The response of many to this experience was confusion and anger.
At this point Socrates has the opportunity to propose an alternate penalty. I do not mean that there is a trick here, just that when we read a text such as The Apology appropriately, we end up with more questions than answers.
If the Apology was written shortly after the death of Socrates, as we have good reasons for believing, the prophetic warning had not been fulfilled at that time, nor was it accomplished during the years that immediately followed.
While serving as a soldier, he remained at his post of duty under circumstances in which his own life A critical analysis of socrates defense in great danger. When told that it might still be possible for him to save his life if he would agree to change his manner of living and stop talking to people about controversial issues, Socrates replies that death is not necessarily an evil thing.
Socrates explains this activity by relating a story about the Delphic Oracle. The so-called rhetoricians of his day were noted for their eloquence, which usually consisted of an emotional appeal designed to win the approval of the audience rather than an attempt to make a clear presentation of the relevant facts.
Any misconduct on their part could not be attributed to Socrates. And now, O men who have condemned me, I would fain prophesy to you; for I am about to die, and that is the hour in which men are gifted with prophetic power.
Again, the account appears to have been written shortly after the trial, in which case any in-accuracies or falsifications would have been detected by others who were familiar with the circumstances. This did not mean that he believed it was wrong for any teacher to charge for his instruction if he felt the need for so doing.
They observe that those who are examined and found to be wanting in wisdom instead of becoming angry with themselves become angry with Socrates and call him a villainous misleader of youth, a dangerous character, and one whose influence should be brought to an end.
But if he harmed the youth involuntarily, then he should be instructed educated -- not punished. Evidence that Socrates was sincere in his professed loyalty to the cause of justice can be seen from the way in which he has conducted himself throughout the entire course of his life.
Now how can that be? So he has in no way been harmed, for he will either sleep soundly or continue talking. This is the only instance in The Apology of the elenchus, or cross-examination, which is so central to most Platonic dialogues.
They may think that because they have gotten rid of their troublemaker they will be at peace with themselves and will be honored by those who come after them. Having dispensed with some of the false and idle rumors that had been in circulation concerning him and having exposed some of the false pretenses on the part of his accusers, Socrates proceeds to make his reply to the main charge that has led to his indictment.Analytical Essays.
Critical Analysis of Plato`s Apology. Philosophy: Critical Analysis of Plato’s Apology. As an essential milestone not merely in the Ancient Philosophy’s history, however correspondingly for the determining of the theory of western politics, contemporary principles, distinctiveness and responsiveness, the Apology by Plato.
Socrates – “The Apology” or (Defense) Socrates had no written work, never had a job and there are questions of whether he was even literate. However, Plato was a student of Socrates and recorded what occurred at his death trial. In conclusion, Socrates’ defense at the trial, portrayed in Plato’s Apology, was simply another platform by which he sustain his philosophies about the virtue of thinking, self-improvement, and acting as a part of a greater whole of civilization.
The word “apology,” the title of this famous dialogue, means “a defense,” not a request for forgiveness. In meeting the accusation that he had corrupted the youth of Athens, Socrates did. The Apology At the trial for his life in BC, Socrates defense is recounted in Plato's Apology.
Here Socrates appeared, despite his lengthy defense, not to acquit himself from all accusations, but rather to deliberately ensure that he would be found guilty and thus condemned to death.
In his defense speech, Socrates explains his reasons for following his philosophical path (which is what got him in trouble with the tyrants of Athens). This work is the first in a three-part series of works by Plato about Socrates' last days.Download